During extremely hot weather, you should take the following precautions:
· Stay indoors as much as you can, on lower floors if possible.
· Limit exposure to the sun and use sun block with a high sun protector factor rating (at least 15 spf) if you must be outdoors.
· If your home does not have air conditioning, spend the hottest part of the day in public buildings such as libraries, schools, movie theaters, shopping malls, and other community facilities.
· Use fans. Circulating air can cool the body by increasing the perspiration rate of evaporation.
· If you have window air conditioning, eliminate any holes or gaps around the installation.
· Check air-conditioning ducts for proper insulation.
· Eat well-balanced, light, and regular meals. Avoid using salt tablets unless directed to do so by a physician.
· Drink plenty of water. Persons who have epilepsy or heart, kidney, or liver disease; are on fluid-restricted diets; or have a problem with fluid retention should consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake.
· Limit intake of alcoholic beverages.
· Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight, and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
· Protect your face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
· Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
· Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
· Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.. Have a buddy system when working in extreme heat, and take frequent breaks.